Did Technology Exist Before Now
Did Technology Exist Before Now
Technology is the accumulation and application of skills, techniques, methods, and processes to achieve an objective. It can equally be defined as the application of scientific knowledge to accomplish a goal or in the production of goods and rendering of services. But in regards to our topic of discussion, the first definition of technology will be more appropriate.
Technology being an accumulation and application of skills, techniques, methods, and processes in accomplishing an objective have obviously existed in pre-historic time.
The ancient Mesopotamian people invented many technologies including metalworking, copper-working, glassmaking, lamp making, textile weaving, and flood control.
They were also one of the first Bronze age people in the world, they used copper, bronze, and gold, and later they used iron. Palaces were decorated with thousands of kilograms of these very expensive metals. Also, copper, bronze, and iron were used for armor as well as for different weapons such as swords, daggers, spears, and maces; just as they are being put to use in this modern time.
The Mesopotamians used a sexagesimal number system with the base 60 (like we use base 10). They divided time up by 60s including a 60-second minute and a 60-minute hour, which we still use today. They also divided up the circle into 360 degrees. They had a wide knowledge of mathematics including addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, quadratic and cubic equations, and fractions. This was important in keeping track of records as well as in some of their large building projects. The Mesopotamians had formulas for figuring out the circumference and area for different geometric shapes like rectangles, circles, and triangles. Some evidence suggests that they even knew the Pythagorean Theorem long before Pythagoras wrote it down. They are even rumored to have discovered the number for pi in figuring the circumference of a circle.
The Mesopotamians made many technological discoveries. They were the first to use the potter’s wheel to make better pottery, they used irrigation to get water to their crops, they used bronze metal (and later iron metal) to make strong tools and weapons, and used looms to weave cloth from wool.
Also in ancient time, India was also at the forefront of seafaring technology – a panel found at Mohenjo-daro, depicts a sailing craft. Ship construction is vividly described in the Yukti Kalpa Taru, an ancient Indian text on Shipbuilding.
Indian construction and architecture, called ‘Vaastu Shastra’, suggests a thorough understanding or materials engineering, hydrology, and sanitation. Ancient Indian culture was also pioneering in its use of vegetable dyes, cultivating plants including indigo and cinnabar. Many of the dyes were used in art and sculpture. The use of perfumes demonstrates some knowledge of chemistry, particularly distillation and purification processes.
A further evidence of technology in ancient time can be found in The Qanat, a water management system used for irrigation, originated in Iran before the Achaemenid period of Persia. The oldest and largest known qanat is in the Iranian city of Gonabad which, after 2,700 years, still provides drinking and agricultural water to nearly 40,000 people
Finally, exist within human race before now during the ancient time cannot be complete without the Ancient Greek. Ancient Greek technology developed at an unprecedented speed during the 5th century BC, continuing up to and including the Roman period, and beyond. Some inventions that are credited to the ancient Greeks are the following: the gear, screw, bronze casting techniques, water clock, water organ(hydraulis), torsion siege engine, and the use of steam to operate some experimental machines and toys. Many of these inventions occurred late in the Greek period, often inspired by the need to improve weapons and tactics in war.
Greek and Hellenistic engineers invented many technologies and improved upon pre-existing technologies, particularly during the Hellenistic period. Heron of Alexandria invented a basic steam engine and demonstrated knowledge of mechanic and pneumatic systems. Archimedes invented several machines. The Greeks were unique in pre-industrial times in their ability to combine scientific research with the development of new technologies.
Therefore, it is not out of sort to maintain that technology did exist within human race before now, but what can clearly be seen is the advancement of those technologies.