Did Technology Affect The Outcome Of ww2 (world war 2)
effect of technology on world war 2
World War 2 is a global conflict or war that took place between 1939 and 1945 between The Allies (headed by the USA, UK, Soviet and China)against the Axis(headed by Germany, Japan and Italy)World War II saw the application of many new technologies advanced from the ones deployed during the world war 1 by the military forces of both the Allies and the Axis.These technologies became a fundamental instrument of the war and changed the way many battles were fought and won. Below is the examination of these technological tools and how they affected the outcome of the war – World War II
The Atomic Bomb.
The atomic bomb is a bomb which derives its destructive power from the rapid release of nuclear energy by fission of heavy atomic nuclei, causing damage through heat, blast, and radioact
The Atomic Bomb marked a major turning point in World War II. The Atomic bomb was very significant to the scientific community and sparked a series of laboratories to further harness the power of nuclear fission. The bomb itself gave enough power in an individual aircraft to level a whole city. An arsenal of armed planes could wipe out an entire country overnight. Such power could drastically change the world for better and for worse. World war II ended when America dropped an atomic bomb in the Japanese city of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, exterminating every living creature there.
AirCraftAir power was tactical and strategical crucial throughout the WW2. There was rapid and broad development of aircraft during the war to meet the needs of aerial combat and solve lessons from combat experience. From the open cockpit airplane to the sleek jet fighter, several kinds were employed, often designed for specific missions. The Germans used aircrafts German U-Boats as an anti-submarine warfare to mine shipping lanes. Similarly, the Japanese also deployed aircraft against previously formidable Royal Navy battleships.
The Axis countries had serious shortages of petroleum from which to make liquid fuel. The Allies had much more petroleum production. Germany, long before the war, developed a process to make synthetic fuel from coal. Synthesis factories were principal targets of the oil companies during world war 2.
The USA added tetraethyl to its aviation fuel, with which it supplied Britain and other Allies. This octane enhancing additive allowed higher compression ratios, allowing higher efficiency, giving more speed and range to Allied Airplanes, and reducing the cooling load.
Several designs of armored tanks were developed and used by both the Allies and the Axis during world war 2 and the application of these tanks have an effect on the war was fought. Their impressive firepower and armor made them the premier fighting machine of ground warfare.
However, they were other vehicles deployed for the war such as a large number of trucks and lighter vehicles that kept the infantry, artillery, and others moving were massive undertakings are needed.
Naval warfare changed dramatically during World War II, with the ascent of the aircraft carriers to the premier vessel of the fleet, and the impact of increasingly capable submarines on the course of the war. The development of new ships during the war was somewhat limited due to the protracted time period needed for production, but important developments were often retrofitted to older vessels. Advanced German submarine types came into service too late and after nearly all the experienced crews had been lost.
The German U-bosts were used primarily for destroying and limiting resources from the US and Canada coming across the Atlantic. Submarines were critical in the Pacific ocean as well as in the Atlantic ocean. Advances in submarine technology included the snorkel. Japanese defenses against Allied submarines were ineffective.
Electronics and Communication
Electronic rose to prominence quickly in WW2. Equipment designed for communication and the interception of those communications became critical. The Germans developed the Enigma coding machine for encrypting communications. This assisted them in relaying secret messages and signals from one base to another without an interception or being compromised.
The British on the other developed and progressed electronic computers for Cryptanalysis which were primarily used for breaking the “Enigma” codes. These codes for radio messages were indecipherable to the Allies. Though, the meticulous work of code breakers based at Britain’s Bletchley Park cracked the secrets of German wartime communication and played a crucial role in the final defeat of Germany.
Americans equally developed electronic computers for equations, notably battlefield equations, and ballistics. Numerous small digital computers were also used. From calculating tables to mechanical trajectory calculators to some of the most advanced electronic computers.
The V-1, otherwise called the buzz bomb was developed at Peenemünde Army Research Center by the Nazi German during World War 2. This V-1 of a Rocket was fired from launch facilities along the French and Dutch coasts.
Another Rocket deployed during WW2 is The V-2 otherwise called ”Retribution Weapon 2″, or its technical name Aggregat-4 (A-4). This rocket was the world’s first long-range guided ballistic missile. A missile with liquid-propellant rocket engine was developed during this period by the Germans to attack Allied cities as retaliation for the Allied bombings against German cities. The V-2 rocket was also the first artificial object to cross the boundary of space.
Modern technology greatly affected the way WW2 was fought and it’s outcome. The war eventually ended when The Americans dropped the twin Japanese city of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing virtually every living being in those cities. An act which will never be forgotten in human history. The Allies won the war not necessarily because they had superior technology to the Axis, but because they used their technology better.